Pressure Behind Eye: 6 Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


There are a lot of eye pain and a pressure behind eye can result to one. In this article, you will get to know the causes, symptoms and treatment of pressure behind your eyes.

Although, pressure behind eye can be so discomforting, it is not a medical condition to be scared about. It might not necessarily be caused by problems inside the eyes but also by factors of the environment. Pressure behind eye can have a painful, stinging, burning, scratching and stabbing sensation.

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6 Common Causes of Pressure Behind Eye

1. Sinusitis

This is known as a sinus infection or problem. Sinus is a Halloween cavity above, below, behind and between your nose, cheek and eyes. A sinus occurs when a bacteria gets into that cavity. These bacteria infection causes your sinuses to be swollen and your nose to be filled with mucus. It causes a pressure on your upper face which includes behind your eyes.

Aside the pressure, other symptoms of sinusitis may include;

  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Bad breath
  • Loss of sense of smell
  • Pain in the face
  • Mucus flowing from the nose to the throat
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Stuffy nose
  • Ear pain
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
Pressure Behind Eye
Pressure Behind Eye

2. Optic Neuritis 

This is the swelling of the optical nerve. It is one of the serious causes of pressure behind eye. Optic neuritis is a condition in which the never that connected to eyes and the brain becomes inflamed and swollen. It has some sides effects which starts in few days and take weeks to improve.

Symptoms of optic neuritis includes;

  • Red eyes
  • Pain in the eyes
  • Color blindness
  • Abnormal reaction of the pupil to bright light.
  • Loss of vision in one eye
  • Blurry sight
  • Reduced vision
  • Feeling like there is something in your eyes.
  • Bulging eye

3. Graves’ Disease

Graves’ disease is as a result of a overactive thyroid glands called hyperthyroidism. It is an autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to mistakenly attack the thyroid glands. It affects the eye muscle and can make your eyes bulgy, puffy and swell. This can cause dry eyes, vision loss and pressure to the eyes.

Symptoms of Graves’ disease includes;

  • Sensitivity to light
  • Dry eyes
  • Weight loss
  • Swelling of the eyes
  • Enlarges thyroid gland
  • Loss of vision
  • Anxiety

4. Headache and Migraine

Headache is one of the primary cause of pressure behind eye.

There are two types of headaches. They included;

i. Tension Headache: This is the most common type of headache. It gives you a tightening and pressing sensation.

ii. Cluster Headache: This is a very painful type of headache that comes, lasts for some minutes and stop but occurs frequently.

Migraine is a very severe type of headache that is associated with a lot of pressure and pain that can also affect pressure behind eye.

Symptoms of headache and migraine includes;

  • Nausea
  • Red and teary eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sensitivity to sound
  • Sweating of your face.
  • Swelling of your eyes.
  • Pains on your head.

5. Injury on your Face

An injury sustained on your face due to an accident, a fight or a sport can lead to a feeling of severe pain and pressure behind eye.

 Symptoms of injury on your face includes;

  • Swelling around the eyes
  • A black eye
  • Double vision
  • Blurry vision
  • Bulging eyes

6. Toothache

A problem with your jaw alignment can make the muscles of your face so tensed. This can cause a toothache. A toothache can cause a feeling of pressure to spread to your face which includes around and behind your eyes.

Other causes of pressure behind eye includes;

  • Heredity
  • Age (people above 40 years)
  • Blood pressure

General Symptoms of Pressure Behind Eye

Though some symptoms have been mentioned above, they are related to its causes. We would like you to know the general symptoms of having pressure behind eye. They include;

  • Headache
  • Red eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Swelling of your eyes
  • Fever
pressure behind eye
pressure behind eye

When to Visit Your Doctor

It is necessary you visit your doctor if you notice any of the symptoms. If your doctor is not able to diagnose you, you would be referred to a specialist.

Doctors You May be Referred to if You Have Pressure Behind Your Eyes

1. A Dental Surgeon: This Doctor specializes on the teeth.

2. An Ophthalmologist: This Doctor specializes on eye issues.

3. A Neurologist: This Doctor specializes on the brain and nervous problems.

Test that You Would Need to Undergo if You Have pressure in Your Eyes

  • Blood test
  • CT Scan
  • Ultrasound
  • Radioactive iodine uptake
  • Endoscopy

Treatments for People who have Pressure Behind their Eyes

  • Medical therapy
  • Laser trabeculoplasty
  • Surgicatic intervention


Pressured behind eye depends on its cause. These causes can be treated when you seek medical advice from your doctor. Your doctor will give you a proper test and administer the right treatment to you.